Effective cold roof ventilation
A cold roof is the most common type of roof construction, often taking the form of an uninhabited storage space. The minimum requirements for cold roof ventilation are set out in BS 5250 (Control of Condensation in Buildings) which takes into consideration span, pitch and roof area. The wider the span, the more free airflow is required in the roof space.
In cold roofs, insulation is laid at ceiling joist level, leaving the roof void colder in relative terms than the accommodation below. If moist air from the living area is allowed to condense in the roof space, it can eventually lead to structural damage, or damage to contents stored in the space.
Sufficient cold roof ventilation
To comply with Approved Document C and BS 5250, crossflow ventilation should be provided at both the eaves and / or ridge level. This should ensure that effective through-ventilation of the whole roof is achieved, and assist in pulling moisture laden air out of the building and limiting condensation.
According to BS 5250 - and based on a number of variables - sufficient ventilation should be:
- 25mm along the length of the eaves for pitches of 10° - 15°
- 10mm along the length of the eaves for pitches of more than 15°
- Additional continuous 5mm ventilation at high level for roofs where pitch exceeds 35°, or for roofs of any pitch with a span of more than 10m for lean-to or mono-pitch roofs.
These ventilation requirements vary based on the circumstances of the building and the interpretation of these requirements by BS 5250. However in most circumstances, ventilation requirements can be accommodated by using dry fix and ventilation accessories such as eaves vent or dry verge systems.